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Chairs & Stools
A chair is a form of seat that is one of the most basic pieces of furniture. Its main features are two pieces of durable material attached at a 90°-or-slightly-greater angle as back and seat, with usually the four corners of the horizontal seat attached in turn to four legs—or other parts of the seat’s underside attached to three legs or to a shaft around which a four-arm turnstile on rollers can turn—strong enough to support the weight of a person who sits on the seat
Chairs come in a variety of styles. Armrests are fixed to the seat of an armchair; a recliner is upholstered with a mechanism under the seat that allows one to lower the chair’s back and raise a fold-out footrest rocking chair has legs fixed to two long curved slats; and a sofa is upholstered with a mechanism that allows one to lower the chair’s back and raise into place a fold-out footrest; and a sofa is upholstered
One of the earliest types of seat furniture is the stool. It resembles a chair in many ways. It consists of a single seat for one person, with no back or armrests (in early stools), and one, two, three, or four legs on a stool’s base. A stool differs from a chair in that it does not have arms or a back. Some people refer to these varied stools as “backless chairs” since they have one, two, or five legs. Backs can be found on several modern stools. Folding stools can be made flat by twisting the seat so that it is parallel to the fold-up legs.
Some stools have three legs; because three points define a plane, they will not wobble even if they are placed on an uneven floor.